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This webinar was presented live on June 22, 2020.
Low-carbohydrate (CHO) diets have been a strategy used primarily for weight loss for many years, and have recently had a resurgence in popularity, especially ketogenic diets. Ketogenic diets are very-low-carbohydrate (VLCHO) diets, originally developed to treat children with intractable epilepsy in the 1920s but are currently promoted for weight loss, type 2 diabetes (T2D) management, and fitness to the general population. Many health professionals lack an in depth of knowledge about the physiological effects of low-CHO and ketogenic diets. It is essential to understand the biochemical and physiological basis of energy metabolism and the roles of both carbohydrate and fat/ketone bodies as fuels for both body and brain.
Because of the increasing popularity of CHO-restricted diets, including ketogenic diets, for weight loss and T2D management, a National Lipid Association (NLA) Nutrition and Lifestyle Task Force reviewed the current scientific evidence to examine the effects of low-CHO and VLCHO, including ketogenic, diets on weight loss, dyslipidemia, and other cardiometabolic risk factors, and developed a scientific statement to provide guidance for practicing clinicians on the use of these diets in clinical practice. This webinar will review the origins and metabolic basis of the ketogenic diet, the physiological effects of CHO-restricted diets, including ketogenic diets, and the key recommendations of the NLA Scientific Statement on Low-CHO and Very-Low-CHO (including Ketogenic) Diets to provide guidance for practicing clinicians on the use of these diets in clinical practice.
- Understand the origin of the ketogenic diet in the context of childhood epilepsy and its current adaptation to various disease states.
- Differentiate between metabolic pathways of energy metabolism with glucose and ketone bodies as fuels.
- Discuss the key features and requirements of keto-adaptation and how they relate to the normal population.
- Discuss the evidence for the effects of low-carbohydrate diets on weight and other cardiometabolic risk factors.
- Identify key recommendations of the National Lipid Association Scientific Statement for low-carbohydrate and very-low-carbohydrate dietary patterns.
- Apply the key recommendations to clinical practice when counseling patients on the use of low-carbohydrate and very-low-carbohydrate dietary patterns.
Speakers: Carol Kirkpatrick, PhD, MPH, RDN, CLS, FNLA and Susan J. Vannucci, PhD, RDN